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Turns out you can create constants in JS, as long as your JS engine is ECMAScript 5 compliant (IE >= 9, FF >= 4, Safari >= 5.1.4, Opera >= 12).

Short version


Create an object that you want to have a constant:
var person = {};

Then, instead of using dot notation to add a property, use Object.defineProperty():

Object.defineProperty(
    person,
    'species',
    {
        'value': 'Homo sapian'
    }
);

You now have person.species. However, you can only read it; it can’t be deleted and it won’t be included if you loop over person’s properties.

Long version


Every data property (those created with object.property or Object.defineProperty) of an object has its own properties in turn. These are: value; configurable; enumerable; and writable.

value is the value of the property. configurable means you can change the property, i.e. you can change the property itself, either by changing its properties or by deleting it altogether. enumerable means it turns up when you loop through the object’s properties using for…in. writable means you can change the value of the property (notice the difference between this and configurable, it’s a bit subtle).

So if we want to make a property that acts like a constant, then we want to give it a value and make the other three properties false. Usefully, if we don’t specify values for the properties when we create the new object property, then they default to false. So we just need to give it a value and we get a constant. Conversely if we use the usual form of setting a property:
object.property = value;

Then everything is set to true instead. The main caveat is once you’ve set an object property to be not configurable, you’re stuck with it. 

Hat (and everything else) tip to Nicholas Zakas, https://twitter.com/slicknet and “The Principles of Object-Oriented Javascript"

About the author

Rob Waring

Rob Waring

Rob has been working in web development for the last decade, specialising in front-end technologies. A great believer in the power of Agile development practices, he can often be found shuffling post-its around.

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