A rapidly increasing part of our work here at Box UK revolves around talking with clients and clients-to-be about their mobile strategy. In the last year alone, we’ve experienced a huge uplift in interest around the mobile design & application development consultancy services we provide.
Statistics about the mobile revolution keep coming in thick and fast, and the business case for catering for mobile users grows more pertinent with each day, week and month. To pick out just a few juicy stats, here’s why your organisation should care about mobile: In the UK:
In the USA:
Projecting forward is proving to be particularly tricky, as the pace of change and growth is outstripping many of the industry’s previous estimates. One thing is certain; mobile is vital to your organisation’s strategy. So, how can you best take advantage of the platform?
Historically, the scenario of the typical mobile user has often been framed as someone visiting a site on their mobile device in a rush with poor reception, and they’re distracted/ multi-tasking. But is this really true? Think about your own smartphone use; is it always on the go, or are you more often than not at home on the sofa/ in bed/ sitting at a desk, focused on the task in hand?Certainly statistics from one of the industry’s leading voices (Luke Wroblewski) shows that mobile usage is:
As the ubiquity of mobile devices & users increases, so does the variety of usage patterns, to such an extent that these devices can often be people’s favoured means of going online. If more and more people are going online via a mobile device, rather than with a traditional desktop/ laptop, then they certainly won’t tolerate a sub-standard browsing experience. Your users will expect the same quality experience (or better). How can you provide them with this?
So what are the options for your organisation if you’re looking at developing a web site or web app that needs to cater for a mobile user base? Here’s a broad overview of the approaches, which I’ve kept purposefully succinct, and avoided getting into the technicalities ‘under the hood’.
1) Building a mobile-optimised site on a sub-domain (ie; m.yourdomain.com)
This can be very effective, and there are some high profile examples, notably m.twitter.com which accounts for 14% of their total unique users and m.facebook.com which provides 18% of new posts. In both cases, the “m.domain” site generates more traffic than any other ‘native’ app (ie; the iPhone Facebook app etc).Some reasons to consider a mobile-optimised site:
Some drawbacks with building a mobile-optimised site:
2) Building a native mobile app (ie; an iPhone app)
For most smartphone users, native apps are well understood, and one of the first things that many new users do is start to download and play with the native apps on their smartphone (research shows that 51% of users use a few apps once a week, whilst only 17% don’t use apps regularly).From your organisation’s point of view, are they worth investing in? Certainly a native app enjoys some unique benefits currently:
The downsides of choosing native apps for your organisation include:
Even with a native app, your users might try to visit your organisation’s site on their mobile device, so its mobile usability may still need to be considered.
3) Build the app/ site responsively to be accessible for all devices
One approach that is steadily increasing in popularity, viability and visibility is building sites and apps to be device-agnostic. Rather than maintaining separate versions on the site (as in option 1) or building for a specific vendor using their native technologies (as in option 2), this option works on the premise that the site adapts responsively based on the user’s browsing context.
This means that if a user visits your organisation’s site on a large desktop browser, then looks at home on their tablet, or shows it to a colleague on their smartphone, your site would respond accordingly. One of the more recent high-profile examples of this has been the The Boston Globe newspaper. The site adapts responsively to the dimensions of the browser, ensuring the user is presented with a consistent user experience. (Try it with this great little tool that allows you to mimic common device types: http://responsive.is/bostonglobe.com).
So what are the benefits of taking this device-agnostic/ responsive approach?
On the downside:
4) All or some of the above
An important addition to the 3 listed approaches above is that it doesn’t have to be option 1, 2 or 3. You can mix your approaches dependent upon your organisation’s needs. Maybe you want a responsive site to provide a consistent user experience for browsers, but you also want a native app as you need to make use of the phone’s video and microphone for a specific task. Maybe you want a responsive site, but from your analytics data you know 60% of your traffic is coming from mobiles. Therefore you need to build the site using a ‘mobile first’ approach, which caters for mobile users first, with desktop users of secondary concern.
As is always the case, context drives everything. Only you know who your users are, what times of day they browse your site and what devices they browse from. You probably also know which are the most popular areas of your site, what the most frequent tasks are, and where the bottlenecks occur.
Armed with this user data and your organisational insights, we can advise you on the most effective mobile strategy for your company. Whether you need a mobile optimised site, a native app, or a responsively designed site, one fact is known: mobile users are growing quickly and sooner than we can predict, they’ll become the predominant user type. The question is: how prepared is your organisation?